About Willow

Willow; JPEG 40K
Willow is the common name for a small family of woody flowering plants, and also for certain trees.
The 'willow' family is made up of some 430 species of poplars and 'willows', including the aspens and cottonwoods.
Members of the willow family usually live in moist locations, such as flood plains and the banks of rivers. They are fast growing and, often, pioneer trees.
Some willows are ornamental.
The family consists of two parts: willow and poplar. Both of them are widespread in the northern hemisphere; with a few in the southern hemisphere.
Of the two parts, around 35 types of poplar are trees, but the majority of willow are shrubs, some 400 types.
Willows exist above the timberline on mountains, and a low mat-like version thrives and helps to support the ecosystem on the Arctic tundra.

Both willows and poplars produce simple densely clustered flowers called catkins. The catkins in poplars hang down and produce no spell. By contrast, the catkins of the willow sits up and produces a strong smell. The flowers of the willow make an exception to the rule that only big showy flowers are pollinated by insects (the poplars are pollinated by wind). This is helped by the fact that willow catkins appear in early spring before other flowers, so the insects rely on the nectar from the flowers as a food source.

Most willows and poplars grow rapidly, flowering within a few years. They tend to be short-lived, some only lasting twenty years.

In human use, the twigs of some are grown for use in basketmaking. The light and dent resistant timber of other types of willow have been used for artificial limbs, shoes, and bats.
Willow bark contains salicin, used in numerous folk medicines. Aspirin is a derivative of salicylic acid, first synthesized from derivatives of willow bark. Some, such as weeping willow and pussy willow, are used in horticulture and landscaping.

The willow family is Salicaceae. The genus is Salix.
The poplar genus is Populus (wasn't that a game?).
The common osier is Salix viminalis, weeping willow is Salix babylonica, and pussy willow is Salix discolor.


Taken from Encarta, who took it from Funk & Wagnalls.



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